The agency was originally established in December 1949 as the the Central Military Commission Meteorological Bureau. In 1994 the CMA was transformed from a subordinate governmental body into one of the public service agencies under the .
Meteorological bureaus are established in 31 , and , excluding meteorological services at Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. 14 meteorological bureaus at sub-provincial cities including 4 cities which have been specifically designated in the state development plan), 318 meteorological bureaus at prefecture level and 2,300 bureaus at county level.
Subordinate bodies under the CMA
*National Meteorological Centre
*National Satellite Meteorological Centre
*National Climate Centre
*National Meteorological Information Centre
*Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences
*Atmospheric Observation Technology Centre
*China Meteorological Administration Training Centre
*Department of Capital Construction & Real Estate Management
*Logistic Service Centre
*Audio-Visual Publicity Center
*China Meteorological News Press, and Meteorological Press.